In these very complicated days that we currently have, they can lead us to produce, on more than one occasion, an episode of anxiety. Therefore, it must be taken into account that:
Anxiety is an involuntary response of the organism to stimuli that can be external or internal, such as thoughts, ideas, images, etc., that are perceived by the individual as threatening and / or dangerous.
Having a certain degree of anxiety provides an adequate component of caution in especially dangerous situations.
However, when anxiety is disproportionate to the situation, our system gets out of control and malfunctions. It can make us feel paralyzed with a feeling of helplessness and, in general, a deterioration of psychosocial and physiological functioning occurs.
The forms of expression of anxiety are very varied, although there are some common characteristics.
The most frequent psychological symptoms are:
- Constant and excessive worry
- Difficulty concentrating
- Frequent forgetting
- Feeling overwhelmed
- Restlessness or fear of losing control.
- Obsessions or compulsions
He also has physical symptoms:
- Muscle tension
- Sweating or chills
- Palpitations or elevated heart rate
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Tingling or numbness
- Nausea and vomiting
There are two types of treatments, psychological and pharmacological, which are more effective when combined.
The most widely used method is cognitive behavioral therapy, which aims to help the patient understand the nature of what is happening to him and the reason for his poor adaptation.
Medications, always prescribed by a doctor, are classified into two categories:
1. Those that serve to calm anxiety attacks in the short term, that is, benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam and bromazepam, are fast-acting, although they must be used as short as possible.
2. Those that are used in the longer term to reduce symptoms and prevent crises, that is, anxiolytics, such as escitalopram or paroxetine, which take between two and eight weeks to start acting but do not lose efficacy over time.
Doing physical exercise is essential keeps you active and increases your serotonin levels, meditate, relax (there are guides on the internet for you to help you), yoga, tai chi are good practices because they help clear the mind and avoid anxious feelings.
Above all, try to maintain a positive attitude and consult a specialist if symptoms persist or worsen.