"Sodium bicarbonate", also known as sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, bicarbonate of soda, or vichy salt, is a white crystalline solid compound that is obtained from a naturally occurring mineral called natron.
It is a water soluble compound and has a slight alkaline taste.
One of its most outstanding characteristics is that when it is exposed to a moderately strong acid it decomposes into carbon dioxide and water. This is what gives baking soda some of its many uses.
It is an essential product at home, inexpensive, harmless, ecological, natural and non-polluting. And it has many uses that have to do with personal hygiene and beauty.
1. Mild abrasive for homemade surfaces
For the safe and effective cleaning of bathtubs, tiles, tiles and sinks (even fiberglass and glossy tiles), sprinkle baking soda on a slightly damp sponge and scrub as usual.
Rinse well and pat dry. For extra cleaning power, make a paste with baking soda, salt and liquid soap, apply, let it rest for 5 minutes, scrub and rinse.
2. Wash dishes, pots and pans
Baking soda can also help you more easily remove grease and food debris from all of your dishes.
To do this, add 2 heaping tablespoons of baking soda to your regular dish soap.
For pots with stuck foods, soak them in baking soda, detergent and water first, then use dry baking soda on a clean, damp sponge or rag in powder form to avoid scratches.
3. Unclog pipes
This is another very convenient use for baking soda. To do this, you will also need hot water and vinegar.
First, heat water to a boil and pour some into the pipe. Pour half a cup of baking soda into the sink and let it work for five minutes.
Meanwhile, prepare separately a mixture of 1 cup of vinegar and 1 of hot water. After five minutes, add the mixture and wait another 10 minutes.
Clean everything with a good amount of boiling water. The passage of water will remove all the residues loosened by the bicarbonate and vinegar.
4. To clean silver and gold
Baking soda can also be used to clean precious metals, especially gold and silver, as it is a powerful descaler. Make a paste of water and bicarbonate and with a toothbrush you rub the mixture on the surface. After wiping it with a dry cloth, they will be shiny, almost like the first day.
5. Floor cleaner
Remove dirt and grime (without unwanted scratch marks) from unwaxed floors and tiles with 1/2 cup of baking soda in a bucket of warm water. Mop and rinse for a shiny floor.
For scuff marks, use baking soda on a clean damp sponge, then rinse.
6. Eliminate odors from stuffed animals
Keep favorite stuffed toys smelling fresh by giving them a baking soda dry shower. Sprinkle with baking soda and let it sit for 15 minutes, remove the baking soda with a brush.
7. Increase the power of liquid laundry detergent
Give your clothes a better clean by adding ½ cup of baking soda to the clothes. A higher pH balance when washing clothes leaves them cleaner, fresher and brighter.
8. Clean furniture
You can clean and remove marks (even crayons) from painted walls and furniture by applying baking soda to a damp sponge and rubbing lightly.
Clean afterwards with a clean, dry cloth.
9. Cleaning of sports accessories
Use a baking soda solution (four tablespoons of baking soda in 1 quart of warm water) to clean and deodorize smelly sports equipment.
10. Clean the oven
Sprinkle baking soda on the bottom of the oven. Spray with water to moisten the baking soda and let it sit overnight.
In the morning, scrub off the baking soda and dirt with a sponge, or vacuum, and rinse.
11. To take care of the garden
Baking soda is very useful to prevent fungal diseases in plants and to eliminate weeds that normally grow between the floor tiles. Especially the crabgrass, which usually appears on the lawn, which detracts from its luster and steals its place in the garden.
Mix one liter of water with four tablespoons of baking soda. Apply it to rose bushes to combat black fungal spots, or to trees or fruit plants when they begin to appear.
12. Against fire
One of the most amazing uses for this compound is its ability to extinguish small fires or flares. And we emphasize the small thing, as it can be of great help in specific episodes that take place in the kitchen or any other point of your home. Apparently when baking soda is heated it emits carbon dioxide, which helps put out the fire.
13. Remove bad odors from shoes
Sprinkle a tablespoon or two on your shoes while you're not wearing them, and stir the baking soda when you're wearing them.
14. Clean coffee and tea stains
Baking soda mixed with a little lemon juice helps remove impossible coffee and tea stains, especially on white or very light-colored clothing. It also eliminates odors in the most used cups.
If the stain is stubborn, apply the baking soda directly with a sponge and let it soak for a while. Then, rinse as usual with water and detergent.
15. Remove oil and grease stains
Just as it can help remove coffee and tea stains, it can also remove (fresh) oil and grease stains. Simply sprinkle a little baking soda on the stained garment (previously moistened), let it work for a while and clean with a brush.
16. Deodorize a refrigerator
To get rid of odors, empty the refrigerator, then pour baking soda into a damp sponge and scrub the walls, shelves, and compartments. Rinse well. As a precaution, you can leave a container of baking soda in the refrigerator.
17. Eliminate pencil lines on the walls
If your children have “redecorated” the walls with their colored pencils, don't worry! Rub the marks gently with a damp cloth soaked in a little baking soda; They will go away quite easily.
18. To sterilize baby bottles
Place bottles, nipples, and clamps to soak overnight in hot water with 1/2 can of baking soda. Rinse each item well. You can also quickly sterilize them by soaking them for 3 minutes in boiling water with 3 tablespoons of baking soda.
19. Remove stains and scratches on wood
Make a paste with 2 volumes of baking soda to 1 volume of water and gently rub the damaged surface. To remove stubborn stains, add 1 drop of bleach to the batter. Clean the treated area immediately with hot soapy water to prevent bleach from discoloring the wood.
20. deodorize books
After a stay in a damp room, books sometimes smell musty. Place each book in a paper bag with 2 tablespoons of baking soda. Do not shake the bag, close it and store it in a dry place for 1 week. Simply shake the deodorized books to remove any dust residue.
As you can see, baking soda has a myriad of uses. These are just some of the most common uses. However, there are many others.