The apple tree (Pyrus malus L.), is a tree of the Rosaceae family. Although the exact origin of the apple is unknown, it is believed to have come from the crossing of several species of European and Asian wild apple trees.
The apple is one of the most complete and healthy fruits that are known for its content of carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins and potassium, being highly recommended for all ages. They are low in calories as they contain only 52 kcal per 100 grams of edible portion and are mainly made up of water (85.7g).
There are many varieties of apples around the world, of all colors and for all tastes: red, yellow, green, sweet, sour ...
Some very well known such as:
Fuji apple: The color may vary but it is between red and pink. It is one of the sweetest varieties and many say it tastes like honey. It is perfect to eat raw as it is very sweet.
Gala or Royal Gala: This type of apple has a shiny red-orange striped or streaked skin on a yellowish base. It is recommended to eat raw, but also to bake to make cakes and in the oven.
Golden Apple: The Golden apple also has a shiny, golden skin. It is crunchy and quite sweet. It is good to eat and is also widely used to make apple pies.
Red Delicious apple: It has a dark red skin with a medium sweetness. It is aromatic and has a juicy flesh. This type of apples is the most used to accompany salads.
Pippin apple: of French origin, it is greenish and yellowish in color. It is juicy, bittersweet and aromatic, perfect for cakes and compotes
- High content of fibers such as Pectin.
- Rich in antioxidants.
- Contains vitamins of group B and C.
- Rich in minerals such as phosphorus, potassium or calcium.
- Presence of malic acid and tartaric acid.
- Flavanols, catechins, and prociacydins.
Benefits of apples:
1.- Provides intestinal stability to the body thanks to the amount of fiber it contains. In this way, it helps prevent diseases such as diverticulitis and the appearance of hemorrhoids, among others.
2.- Helps to fall asleep. Due to its phosphorus content, it is a food with sedative values. If you have trouble sleeping, try eating an apple before going to bed.
3-. Avoid gaining weight. This is because it regulates blood sugar levels, has a satiating effect and has diuretic and purifying properties.
4.- It is a good ally both in cases of constipation and decomposition, since pectin is a soluble fiber that regulates the intestine, so that it “acts as a laxative if there is constipation or absorbs excess water when there is diarrhea.
5.- It contributes to the strengthening of the immune system and to the reduction of heart diseases, as well as an antidiabetic effect, due to its ability to limit the absorption of glucose at the intestinal level.
6.- Improves memory. Thanks to the fact that it contains anthocyanin, which is an excellent memory enhancer and also quercetin, an antioxidant that helps improve blood circulation and brain function, it can be very useful to improve academic performance during school stage.
7.- They help to take care of the teeth and gums. Regulates the pH of the mouth, strengthens the gums and reduces the formation of bacterial plaque.
8.- Cholesterol. The pectin contained in apple fruit can also help reduce bad cholesterol by forming a fiber in the intestinal wall, preventing the absorption of cholesterol and other fats.
9.- Aging. It is rich in tannins and flavonoids, which are the phytonutrients that act as antioxidants, astringents and anti-inflammatories, this fruit helps prevent premature aging. Flavonoids also help in cardiovascular diseases.
10.- Soft and smooth skin. Due to the large amount of vitamin E in its composition, the apple will help you have a much smoother skin.