Migraine is a neurological disease. It is a type of headache, characterized by the presence of recurring headaches, varying in intensity, duration and periodicity, according to each patient.
It is a primary headache whose episodes of pain, without proper treatment, can last more than four hours. The throbbing pain is of moderate or severe intensity, is usually located on one side of the head, and can be associated with nausea and / or vomiting, photophobia and / or phonophobia.
They often have symptoms such as:
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Changes in vision
- Sensitivity to sound, light, or odors
When migraine symptoms start:
- Drink water to avoid dehydration, especially if you have vomited
- Rest in a quiet and dark room
- Put a cold cloth on the head
- Avoid smoking or drinking coffee or caffeinated drinks
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages
- Try to sleep
Migraines can be debilitating, significantly affecting the lives of some people. In addition to the pharmacological treatments prescribed by a doctor, there are other home treatments that help us fight it naturally.
Ginger is very effective in migraines with nausea, vomiting ... The active principles of its rhizome (gingerols and shogaols) improve these digestive symptoms and are also analgesic and anti-inflammatory. It is recommended as a decoction of ½ cm of its rhizome per glass of water, 1 to 3 times a day after meals.
Drinking water is recommended due to the belief that dehydration is responsible for migraines and that drinking and hydrating will decrease migraines and tension headaches. Drink about 8 glasses of water a day to prevent these headaches.
Lavender oil is known for its sedative ability. It is one of the best known home remedies for headaches. It is recommended to use lavender oil as aromatherapy, scenting closets and rooms. It can also be used by diluting a few drops of essential oil in water, dipping a towel in the scented water and placing it on the forehead.
It has the virtue of reducing the activity of substances that cause the dilation of blood vessels (histamine, serotonin, prostaglandins, etc.) and that can trigger a migraine. Prepare it in an infusion of a tablespoon of the flower and take it 1 to 3 times a day with a little honey.
Frozen water can temporarily relieve the uncomfortable feeling of heat in your head naturally to reduce headache symptoms. Fill an ice pack and place it on your head, or soak a towel in cold water and place it on your forehead or the back of your neck. Another recommended option is to place an ice pack on the soles of your feet for 30 minutes to an hour.
Valerian root is a good alternative to prevent and relieve tension headaches caused by nerves or stress, thanks to its calming, sedative and antispasmodic effects. We recommend 180 to 540 mg of dry or liquid extract per day, divided into 1 to 3 doses.
Its multiple functions include relaxing the muscles. Magnesium is also helpful in treating or preventing migraines and headaches. Take it in doses of 300 to 600 mg daily. It is also contained in nuts such as hazelnuts and cashews.
Massages relieve muscle tension. Massage the area of the temples, the eyebrows and the base of the nose. Do circular massages regulating the pressure. These pressure points can be stimulated with a few drops of peppermint oil.
Its rhizome contains a substance called curcumin, with anti-inflammatory, liver digestive, and purifying properties of molecules related to migraine. 300 to 900 mg per day of turmeric extract (95% curcumin) is recommended. Avoid it if you have gallbladder stones, during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
Himalayan salt is rich in minerals and electrolytes. Taking Himalayan salt is said to stop a migraine attack in a few minutes. You can take it when you have a migraine pain with the intention of reducing the intensity and frequency of the pain. You can take 200 ml of water and add 9 grams of salt. Drink this salted water once a day.
Linden, passionflower or lettuce tea
If the headache is due to nervous tension, the most advisable thing is to take linden, passionflower or a lettuce tea, which have a mild antispasmodic and anxiolytic effect. To prepare lettuce tea, some leaves are boiled in a glass of water for two minutes.
Some lifestyle changes can help reduce pain:
- Maintain proper sleep hygiene.
- Do some physical activity on a regular basis.
- Reduce your daily caffeine intake.
- Learn to manage stress with techniques such as yoga or meditation.
- Avoid the consumption of tobacco and / or alcohol.